- You can combine the Key Tips letters with the Alt key to make shortcuts called Access Keys for the ribbon options. For example, press Alt+H to open the Home tab, and Alt+Q to move to the Tell me or Search field. Press Alt again to see KeyTips for the options for the selected tab.
- Use keyboard shortcuts in Numbers on Mac. You can use keyboard shortcuts to quickly accomplish many tasks in Numbers. To use a keyboard shortcut, press all the keys in the shortcut at the same time. Start dictation. Open the template chooser.
Safari User Guide
Shortcut or gesture. Add a bookmark to the Favorites bar. Click the Smart Search field to show the page’s full address and its icon, then drag the icon to the Favorites bar. Open all bookmarks from a folder in the Favorites bar. Command-click the folder in the Favorites bar.
Here are shortcuts you can use, in addition to those that appear in Safari menus.
Shortcut or gesture
Scroll up, down, left, or right
Press the arrow keys.
Scroll in larger increments
Press Option while you press an arrow key.
Scroll down a screen
Scroll up a screen
Scroll to the top-left or bottom-left corner of the page
Command–Up Arrow or Home
Command–Down Arrow or End
Highlight the next item on a webpage
Tab highlights the next text field or pop-up menu. Tab also highlights buttons and other controls if “Use keyboard navigation to move focus between controls” is selected in the Shortcuts pane of the Keyboard pane of System Preferences.
Option-Tab highlights the same items as Tab plus all other clickable items.
To swap the behavior of Tab and Option-Tab, turn on “Press Tab to highlight each item on a webpage” in the Advanced pane of Safari preferences.
Show all tabs
Open a page in a new tab
Command-click a link
Command-click a bookmark
Command-Return after typing in the Smart Search field.
Open a page in a new tab, and make that tab the active tab
Shift-Command-click a link
Shift-Command-click a bookmark
Shift-Command-Return after typing in the Smart Search field.
Make the next tab the active tab
Control-Tab or Shift-Command-]
Make the previous tab the active tab
Control-Shift-Tab or Shift-Command -[
Select one of your first nine tabs
Command-1 to Command-9
Close all tabs except for one
Option-click the Close button on the tab you want to leave open
Reopen the last tab or window you closed
See a list of your recently visited pages by name
Hold down the Back or Forward button until the list appears
See a list of your recently visited pages by web address (URL)
Press Option and hold down the Back or Forward button until the list appears
Go to your homepage
While typing in the Smart Search field, restore the current webpage address
Exit full-screen view
Download a linked file
Option-click a link to the file
Open a downloaded file
Double-click the file in the downloads list
Zoom website content
Press Command-Plus Sign (+) or Command-Minus Sign (-)
Zoom website text
Press Option while you choose View > Make Text Bigger or View > Make Text Smaller
Shortcut or gesture
Show or Hide the Reading List sidebar
Add the current page
Add a linked page
Shift-click a link to the page
Remove a page
Control-click the page summary in the sidebar, then choose Remove Item.
You can also swipe left over the page summary, then click Remove. Or, swipe all the way to the left until the page summary disappears.
Shortcut or gesture
Add a bookmark to the Favorites bar
Click the Smart Search field to show the page’s full address and its icon, then drag the icon to the Favorites bar
Open all bookmarks from a folder in the Favorites bar
Command-click the folder in the Favorites bar
Move a bookmark on the Favorites bar
Drag the bookmark left or right
Remove a bookmark from the Favorites bar
Drag the bookmark off the top of the bar
Bookmarks sidebar and bookmarks view
Shortcut or gesture
Show or Hide the Bookmarks sidebar
Select bookmarks and folders in the sidebar
Command-click each bookmark and folder
Shift-click to extend the selection
Select the next bookmark or folder
Up Arrow or Down Arrow
Open the selected bookmark
Open the selected folder
Space bar or Right Arrow
Close the selected folder
Space bar or Left Arrow
Change the name or address of a bookmark
Select the bookmark, then press Return
You can also force click the bookmark
Cancel editing a bookmark name in the sidebar
Finish editing a bookmark name
Create a folder containing the selected bookmarks and folders in bookmarks view
Option-click the New Folder button near the top-right corner
Delete a bookmark
Control-click the bookmark, then choose Delete
Hot Key Commands For Mac Shortcut
To use any of these key combinations, press and hold the keys immediately after pressing the power button to turn on your Mac, or after your Mac begins to restart. Keep holding until the described behavior occurs.
Mac Command Key Windows
- Command (⌘)-R: Start up from the built-in macOS Recovery system. Or use Option-Command-R or Shift-Option-Command-R to start up from macOS Recovery over the Internet. macOS Recovery installs different versions of macOS, depending on the key combination you use while starting up. If your Mac is using a firmware password, you're prompted to enter the password.
- Option (⌥) or Alt: Start up to Startup Manager, which allows you to choose other available startup disks or volumes. If your Mac is using a firmware password, you're prompted to enter the password.
- Option-Command-P-R:Reset NVRAM or PRAM. If your Mac is using a firmware password, it ignores this key combination or starts up from macOS Recovery.
- Shift (⇧): Start up in safe mode. Disabled when using a firmware password.
- D: Start up to the Apple Diagnostics utility. Or use Option-Dto start up to this utility over the Internet. Disabled when using a firmware password.
- N: Start up from a NetBoot server, if your Mac supports network startup volumes. To use the default boot image on the server, hold down Option-N instead. Disabled when using a firmware password.
- Command-S: Start up in single-user mode. Disabled in macOS Mojave or later, or when using a firmware password.
- T: Start up in target disk mode. Disabled when using a firmware password.
- Command-V: Start up in verbose mode. Disabled when using a firmware password.
- Eject (⏏) or F12 or mouse button or trackpad button: Eject removable media, such as an optical disc. Disabled when using a firmware password.
If a key combination doesn't work
If a key combination doesn't work at startup, one of these these solutions might help:
- Be sure to press and hold all keys in the combination together, not one at a time.
- Shut down your Mac. Then press the power button to turn on your Mac. Then press and hold the keys as your Mac starts up.
- Wait a few seconds before pressing the keys, to give your Mac more time to recognize the keyboard as it starts up. Some keyboards have a light that flashes briefly at startup, indicating that the keyboard is recognized and ready for use.
- If you're using a wireless keyboard, plug it into your Mac, if possible. Or use your built-in keyboard or a wired keyboard. If you're using a keyboard made for a PC, such as a keyboard with a Windows logo, try a keyboard made for Mac.
- If you're using Boot Camp to start up from Microsoft Windows, set Startup Disk preferences to start up from macOS instead. Then shut down or restart and try again.
Remember that some key combinations are disabled when your Mac is using a firmware password.
- Learn what to do if your Mac doesn't turn on.
- Learn about Mac keyboard shortcuts that you can use after your Mac has started up.